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Diary from Tbilisi: ‘Most of us really feel that is Georgia’s struggle too’


A Ukrainian flag on a Tbilisi road © Nicolo Vincenzo Malvestuto

The feverish warmth of the previous few months has lastly softened in Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia. Alongside the Mtkvari river that slices by means of town, the bushes, their leaves starting to curve, flutter in a weak night breeze.

On my means dwelling one night, I go a preferred restaurant with an indication pinned to the door asserting that patrons who don’t contemplate Russia an occupying pressure and Vladimir Putin a struggle legal will probably be denied entry. The lettering has light a lot from the solar that it’s barely legible any extra, however I do know what it says. Indicators like these have been caught to doorways and home windows throughout Tbilisi since February.

Following the dramatic occasions of Ukraine’s counter-offensive towards Russian forces, the temper in Tbilisi has begun to carry. The resignation which pervaded the previous few months has been changed by cautious hope of what a Russian defeat in Ukraine would imply for Georgia and different post-Soviet nations victimised by Russia’s revanchist ambitions.

It has been welcome information after a number of tense weeks in Georgia. Final month, a Tbilisi bar got here below a Russian cyber assault after it denied entry to any Russian patrons who refused to signal a type denouncing the invasion of Ukraine. Dedaena Bar discovered itself quickly renamed “Denazification Bar” on Google with a hyperlink to the Kremlin’s web site.

The general public outcry has solely intensified with the rising situations of the letter Z — the Russian image of its struggle in Ukraine — noticed caught on vehicles or painted on balconies. In the meantime, the Georgian authorities has ended a lot of its assist for Ukrainian refugees, leaving 1000’s of Ukrainians with nowhere to go. With the struggle in Ukraine now in its seventh month, Georgia remains to be reeling.


I moved to Georgia two years in the past to check the piano at Tbilisi Conservatoire, embarking on what can be a shaky balancing act between an intense observe schedule and my work as a journalist. After an unintended decade away from enjoying, my return to the piano was a profound musical homecoming that reshaped my life and have become my fundamental gateway for encountering Georgia and its historical past.

A young woman walks past a building where a banner in blue and yellow hangs from a balcony
A banner hanging from an condo in Tbilisi makes the occupant’s anti-Russian sentiments clear © Nicolo Vincenzo Malvestuto

My Georgian conservatoire trainer, the type and good Manana Gotsiridze, has been a considerate information by means of the core piano repertoire and a bridge to Soviet musical historical past. Classes hardly ever go with out Manana summoning the knowledge of the legendary Soviet pianists who taught her, first in Tbilisi after which on the Moscow Conservatory. It’s all the time a thrill to know that eccentric insights from individuals equivalent to the good Chopin interpreter Oleg Boshniakovich are actually being handed right down to me. (“Boshniakovich all the time mentioned that the key to enjoying Chopin is to think about all the things out of your shoulder to your fingernail is only one lengthy finger,” Manana as soon as advised me.) 

In a means, the biography of Tbilisi Conservatoire’s piano division gives up a potted historical past of Georgia’s place as a Twentieth-century refuge for Russians. It additionally reveals us how a lot issues have modified. Simply earlier than the primary White Russians fleeing the 1917 revolution arrived in Tbilisi, commemorated pianist Heinrich Neuhaus, who taught a number of of the century’s most celebrated European and Soviet pianists, took up a educating submit on the conservatoire.

Later, within the Nineteen Thirties and ’40s, first escaping Stalin’s purges after which the second world struggle, plenty of piano luminaries, Sviatoslav Richter and Maria Yudina amongst them, got here to Georgia with 1000’s of others from Moscow, the place they turned welcome regulars at artwork salons and in conservatoire school rooms.

The dazzling misfit Yudina, immortalised as “Stalin’s favorite pianist” in Armando Iannucci’s satire The Dying of Stalin, is the truth is my great-grand-teacher: Yudina first taught future Georgian piano grande dame Vanda Shiukashvili, who later taught Manana. The legacy of those pianists is a part of why the piano division nonetheless gives such distinctive educating. With out them, Tbilisi Conservatoire would probably be a special place.

For the third time in a century, Tbilisi has once more change into a spot for Russians fleeing their nation, however this time issues are very completely different. A Moscow Conservatoire trainer who as soon as gave me a lesson did not discover a harpsichord to practise on after arriving right here together with her household in March. As soon as it was revealed that she was Russian, any gives of an instrument have been rescinded. How far-off the tales of Twentieth-century personal concert events and artwork salons between Russians and Georgians really feel now.


Within the days after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, two issues occurred in Georgia: nightly antiwar protests swept the streets of Tbilisi, and the Russians arrived. Georgia’s Institute for Growth of Freedom of Data estimates that greater than 43,000 Russians have entered Georgia because the begin of the struggle in Ukraine. Causes for the Russian exodus fluctuate — some individuals have been so vocally antiwar that they’d be susceptible to arrest in the event that they stayed in Russia. Others merely wish to keep away from the inconvenience of banking sanctions. Most are someplace in between.

In a metropolis like Tbilisi, with its compact centre and inhabitants of about one million, modifications in demographics are rapidly felt. The brand new Russians — principally digital nomads, younger households, twentysomethings with financial savings — turned a noticeable contingent of public life. Tbilisi out of the blue felt fuller.

The backlash to the Russian arrival was instant. Banners telling Russians to protest towards the struggle as a substitute of partying started to appear on balconies. Russians struggled to search out Georgian landlords who would hire to them. To register for a checking account, they have been required to signal a loyalty pledge condemning the invasion of Ukraine. Even after that, accounts have been routinely denied anyway. Rumours, vindicated by confessions from Russian FSB recruits, circulated that Russian saboteurs and safety brokers had entered the nation within the chaos. Distrust was in every single place.

With virtually 20 per cent of their territory — South Ossetia and Abkhazia — occupied by Russian forces, it’s not unusual to listen to Georgians confer with Russia as their enemy. A ballot taken in March revealed that 87 per cent of Georgians contemplate the struggle in Ukraine to be Georgia’s struggle too. “In what different state of affairs do you hear of residents from an occupying nation looking for refuge within the very nation they’re occupying?” one buddy advised me incredulously over lunch.


For the reason that Ukrainian refugees began to reach in April, reporting on the fallout of the struggle in Georgia has typically been an expertise of jarring contrasts. The truth that Ukrainian refugees, most of whom arrived right here with nothing, are largely invisible in public life solely makes issues stranger. Mates often submit Fb fundraising drives for Ukrainians in Tbilisi, however lots of them inform me they’ve but to really meet one among them.

The letter Z, image of assist for Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, typically seems graffitied on town’s streets © Nicolo Vincenzo Malvestuto

With no border between Georgia and Ukraine, a lot of the arriving Ukrainians have fled besieged Mariupol and Kherson eastward into Russia earlier than crossing Georgia’s mountain border, bringing with them escape tales of appalling humiliation and tragedy. One night at a refugee centre I interviewed 49-year-old Evgeny, who advised me how he walked coatless by means of the early April snow from Mariupol to Tbilisi after discovering his dad and mom’ charred our bodies of their condo, and his brother’s, riddled with shrapnel, within the backyard.

“I didn’t wish to let my brother go, so my neighbours let me carry his corpse into the basement that evening,” he advised me, in tears. “I buried all of them the following day.”

The next morning, I met a lately arrived 26-year-old Russian pupil, Zhenya, who was indignant in regards to the rumours he’d heard that Russians have been being turned away from nightclubs and advised to protest towards Putin as a substitute. “If dancing is my method to get by means of arduous occasions, why can’t I try this?” he mentioned. “Being denied it’s actually traumatising.” 


Georgia sits at a geopolitical crossroads and has normally discovered itself on the fringes, not the centre, of imperial ambitions. It adroitly maintained its personal id whereas absorbing simply sufficient from the dominant empire of the period — Ottoman, Persian, Russian and most lately Soviet — to keep away from being razed utterly. The result’s a definite sort of cosmopolitanism. However like elsewhere the world over, it’s susceptible to a rising nationalism.

A young woman sits playing a piano, while an older woman leans over her and points to the sheet music
Nadia Beard practises on the piano, guided by her trainer Manana Gotsiridze

Domestically, a sinister political ambiance is brewing. The ruling Georgian Dream social gathering, extensively thought of to be managed by its Kremlin-linked founding oligarch Bidzina Ivanishvili, is participating in a recreation of smoke and mirrors. With one hand it assures the inhabitants of its EU aspirations, however with the opposite it’s systematically dismantling Georgia’s democratic establishments and holding the door open to corruption. Georgians are ready with trepidation to see how the struggle in Ukraine will probably be resolved. They know that, for a small nation that finds itself on the border with Russia and outdoors of worldwide alliances, the conclusion of this struggle can have an outsized impact on their future. Understandably, they’re afraid.

With the summer season holidays over, one afternoon I return to the conservatoire to see Manana and talk about a brand new repertoire for me to study this yr. Approaching the constructing, I’m wondering how most of the pianists I can hear are newly arrived Ukrainian or Russian college students. From my vantage on the road, nonetheless, I can’t inform. I can solely hear music drifting out by means of the open home windows.

Nadia Beard is a journalist and pianist 

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