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Rahul Gandhi’s March Affords New Hope for India’s Opposition


During the early hours of Dec. 24, a crowd huddled collectively on the gravel freeway by a metro station on the border of New Delhi and the satellite tv for pc metropolis of Faridabad, India. The tough, unforgiving winter was dwelling as much as its in poor health popularity, and a thick layer of smog hung over the town. However anticipation and pleasure abounded even within the darkness. It was the 108th day of the Bharat Jodo Yatra, an extended, bold march throughout India whose title interprets to “Unite India March.” Rahul Gandhi, the person main it, would tackle the nation’s capital from the historic Purple Fort later that day.

I watched the yatris, or marchers, from the sidelines underneath tricolor marketing campaign posters hanging from electrical poles. It wasn’t even 7 a.m. but and the solar was nonetheless sleeping, however I’d already been warned to remain out of the way in which: “Don’t attempt to sustain with the marchers, they’re giddy with power,” an organizer informed me beforehand. Whereas some equipped for Gandhi’s arrival to kick off the day’s occasions, others bought their telephones out, able to document the frenzy.

Then there have been these visibly stirred by what all of it represented: “I’ve seen Rahul Gandhi’s grandmother and father serve our nation, however on this march, I see the good man that he’s changing into,” Siddharth Singh, a 51-year-old marcher, informed me with tears in his eyes.


Supporters of Indian Nationwide Congress collect to see Rahul Gandhi and his companions through the Unite India March on Oct. 11, 2022 close to Sanikere Village in Karnataka, India. That is the primary time the march has entered a BJP-ruled state, Karnataka. Congress is hopeful of snatching away the state authorities from the ruling BJP in state elections in Could.

Ronny Sen for TIME

Gandhi bears no relation to the Indian freedom fighter Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi, however he was nonetheless born right into a as soon as highly effective political household that controls the Indian Nationwide Congress, the nation’s fundamental opposition celebration. The Congress Celebration dominated over India for almost all of its 75 years of independence, however its reputation has waned drastically previously few many years, steering the Bharatiya Janata Celebration (BJP) towards a landslide victory within the 2014 election. The present Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, has remained in energy since, profitable re-election in 2019. He’ll run for a 3rd time period within the subsequent election, which might be held by Could 2024.

Learn Extra: Why India Is Using Emergency Laws to Ban a Documentary About Prime Minister Modi

This march is a vital check for India’s opposition motion to indicate whether or not the Congress Celebration can as soon as once more pose a professional risk to Modi and the BJP. It additionally comes at a time when Indians are more and more polarized by politics, faith, and inequality underneath the BJP’s majoritarian, Hindu-nationalist imaginative and prescient for the nation, which has resulted within the 2020 Delhi riots, the mishandling of the COVID-19 pandemic, rising inflation, excessive unemployment, and the passing of a brand new citizenship act that’s exclusionary to Muslims.

Though Gandhi stepped down as president of the Congress Celebration in July 2019, he nonetheless leads informally as a senior member. To have interaction with voters through the march, he repeats a easy message in press conferences: “Out there of hatred, I’m opening a counter for love.”

Traffic moves past posters of the Bharat Jodo Yatra, which line the streets of New Delhi, India. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

Site visitors strikes previous posters of the Bharat Jodo Yatra, which line the streets of New Delhi, India.

Ronny Sen for TIME

Shatrugan Sharma and Sravankumar Gujjar, from the state of Rajasthan, share a pillow while resting at a tent for the participants of the Bharat Jodo Yatra near Giriyammanahally Village in Karnataka, India, on Oct. 12, 2022. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

Shatrugan Sharma and Sravankumar Gujjar, from the state of Rajasthan, share a pillow whereas resting at a tent for the contributors of the Bharat Jodo Yatra close to Giriyammanahally Village in Karnataka, India, on Oct. 12, 2022.

Ronny Sen for TIME

Since he first started marching in September, Gandhi has coated almost 2,000 miles and 10 states throughout India. The march started within the tropical southernmost tip of Kanyakumari and can dissolve within the snowy Indian-administered territory of Kashmir on the finish of January. Veteran Congress Celebration politicians are marching alongside Gandhi, whereas lecturers, public figures, and even Bollywood actors have made appearances in a present of assist.

Strolling with the folks of India has historic resonance: yatra or padayatra, a Sanskrit phrase for pilgrimage, has lengthy denoted a sure sort of mass political awakening. In 1915, Mohandas Gandhi toured India to raised perceive the plight of the nation after returning dwelling from South Africa; in 1930, he as soon as once more marched 240 miles to protest in opposition to British rule. Since independence, different political pilgrimages have additionally taken maintain of the Indian creativeness—in 1983, former Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar undertook the Bharat Yatra, and in 1990, a younger Modi fervently assisted BJP leaders as they walked the Ram Rath Yatra, laying down the muse for the BJP’s rise to energy.

Whether or not he succeeds in doing so, nonetheless, will solely turn into obvious as election season looms.


Rahul Gandhi waves as he and his companions walk alongside supporters during the Bharat Jodo Yatra near Aali Village in New Delhi, India on Dec. 24, 2022. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

Rahul Gandhi waves as he and his companions stroll alongside supporters through the Bharat Jodo Yatra close to Aali Village in New Delhi, India on Dec. 24, 2022.

Ronny Sen for TIME

Supporters of Indian National Congress walk by a cut-out of Rahul Gandhi early in the morning to see him during the Bharat Jodo Yatra in New Delhi, India on Dec. 24, 2022. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

Supporters of Indian Nationwide Congress stroll by a cut-out of Rahul Gandhi early within the morning to see him through the Bharat Jodo Yatra in New Delhi, India on Dec. 24, 2022.

Ronny Sen for TIME

In Delhi that morning, the gang first started to jostle and push at a couple of minutes previous six. “Woh aa gaye (he’s right here)!” somebody shouted earlier than a stampede was underneath approach. Certainly, there was Gandhi—wearing a white polo shirt and black monitor pants, with an ashy, unkempt beard rising longer by the day—charging forward at breakneck pace in his trainers. He was saved at bay from the gang, cordoned off by two lengthy ropes and heavy safety. Regardless of the warning, I couldn’t assist however stroll alongside the marchers, trying to maintain up with the sheer drive of their lockstep. A giant mistake. Earlier than I knew it, I went tumbling down a pothole.

After a sobering cease for first support, I rejoined the group simply because the marchers had been taking a lunch break underneath a sprawling tent inside an ashram. Congress Celebration politicians, flanked by reporters, answered questions in regards to the effectiveness of the march. “What Mr. Gandhi is doing is reflecting the state of affairs that India is in,” P. Chidambaram, who at the moment serves as a Member of Parliament and beforehand served as India’s Finance Minister, informed me as he walked by means of the crowded tent, referring to communal divides.

Learn Extra: Can the World’s Largest Democracy Endure Another Five Years of a Modi Government?

Outdoors, a loud crowd of supporters and onlookers waited for the march to renew. Amongst them was 58-year-old Asha Darmwal, a housewife who lives within the neighborhood. “I’m the aam junta [the common man], not from any political celebration,” she launched herself. However that day, Darmwal had woke up at 5 a.m. and are available to the streets together with her husband within the hopes of assembly Rahul Gandhi. “He’s a gem, take a look at the mammoth journey he’s enterprise on foot to assist our nation,” she stated. Her husband had already returned dwelling after being postpone by the crowds, however Darmwal wasn’t planning on going wherever.

A girl tries to break from the crowd to present a bouquet of flowers to Rahul Gandhi in New Delhi, India, on Dec. 24, 2022. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

A woman tries to interrupt from the gang to current a bouquet of flowers to Rahul Gandhi in New Delhi, India, on Dec. 24, 2022.

Ronny Sen for TIME

Contained in the tent, KK Shastri, a 35-year-old Hindu monk, informed me that he was proud to belong to the Congress Celebration. To him, Hinduism has by no means espoused non secular intolerance the way in which he believes the BJP does. “Politics and faith shouldn’t combine, as a result of each man deserves to have a vote and a god,” he stated.

Equally, 27-year-old Anulekha Boosa from Karimnagar, a metropolis within the Indian state of Telangana, has been marching since Day One. The primary in her household to become involved in politics, Boosa, who now leads the Nationwide College students’ Union of India, stated she grew to become a Congress Celebration member in 2014 due to the celebration’s embrace of secularism.

“I used to be introduced as much as imagine that India is unity in range, however the BJP’s coverage has been to divide and rule,” she stated, taking a chunk from her plate of rice and lentils whereas resting her naked toes. To stroll all this fashion hasn’t been simple for Boosa as a single lady—oftentimes she has felt nervous, exhausted, and unwell. Regardless of the challenges, it’s her father who has inspired her to maintain going. “He informed me, ‘You is perhaps the final particular person to stroll behind Gandhi, however don’t surrender since you’re a part of historical past within the making,’” she recalled.

A supporter of the Congress Party gathers flags in New Delhi, India, on Dec. 24, 2022. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

A supporter of the Congress Celebration gathers flags in New Delhi, India, on Dec. 24, 2022.

Ronny Sen for TIME

Even Boosa doesn’t anticipate the march to result in vital political change. However, it has given her an opportunity to see the actual India—one which she had solely examine in textbooks in school. “Each day is a brand new expertise, each state is politically completely different, and each particular person’s views are completely different,” she stated.

As he walks by means of the villages and cities of a number of Indian states, bystanders are compelled to witness Gandhi’s blistered toes and speak of uniting a polarized nation. “There’s success by way of mobilization as a result of traditionally, lengthy marches have carried out effectively to attach with folks,” Shruti Kapila, a professor of Indian historical past and politics on the College of Cambridge, tells me over the telephone. “However mobilization is just half the battle.”


A man stands on the steps of a bus door, outside the venue of a cultural program for the participants of the Bharat Jodo Yatra, near Giriyammanahally village in Karnataka, India, on Oct. 12, 2022. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

A person stands on the steps of a bus door, exterior the venue of a cultural program for the contributors of the Bharat Jodo Yatra, close to Giriyammanahally village in Karnataka, India, on Oct. 12, 2022.

Ronny Sen for TIME

A participant in the Bharat Jodo Yatra rests on a cot near Giriyammanahally village in Karnataka, India, on Oct. 12, 2022. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

A participant within the Bharat Jodo Yatra rests on a cot close to Giriyammanahally village in Karnataka, India, on Oct. 12, 2022.

Ronny Sen for TIME

Discuss alone won’t be sufficient to vary the minds of the numerous Indian voters who really feel disillusioned by the Congress Celebration, which suffered a number of political scandals and infighting throughout its time in energy, together with a significant telecoms scandal and a bribery row inside the military in 2012. At the moment, the celebration guidelines solely three of India’s 28 states, holding down a mere 53 of the 543 elected seats in Parliament. In October, when it elected Mallikarjun Kharge as its first non-Gandhi president, specialists described the transfer as an try and shed the picture of household management by the Gandhis.

“Proper now, we merely lack any proof that Bharat Jodo Yatra has yielded electoral rewards,” Milan Vaishnav, South Asia program director on the Carnegie Endowment for Worldwide Peace, tells TIME. He refers to current state elections in Himachal Pradesh (which Congress narrowly received) and in Gujarat (which it decisively misplaced). “To complicate issues, the yatra touched neither of the states, making it troublesome to attract inferences,” he provides.

The BJP has additionally largely succeeded in its efforts to color Rahul Gandhi as “Pappu” (a dullard)—the entitled beneficiary of nepotism who’s out of contact with middle-class India—a stark distinction to the Prime Minister’s personal lower-caste, self-made picture. “For greater than a decade there was a number of well-liked anger in opposition to the established elite, not simply in India, however globally,” says Kapila. “And [Gandhi] was vilified for what that concept embodied.”

Vaishnav believes the march has actually helped to counter this. “What it seems to have carried out is rehabilitate Gandhi’s picture, to energise the Congress cadre, and to wrest away some a part of the media narrative from the dominant BJP,” he says.

Regardless of their reservations, pundits and critics have been shocked by the bottom success of the yatra, a few of which is now mirrored in polling knowledge. Within the southern state of Karnataka, assist for the Congress Celebration went up from 38.8% in 2022 to 59.7% after the march. Equally, Madhya Pradesh has seen a rise in assist from 45.7% in 2022 to 56.3% this yr, according to CVoter, an unbiased knowledge aggregator.

To Kapila, the essential level of the march is that Congress has now put ahead “a political agenda with a transparent ideological stand in opposition to Modi.” Because of this come subsequent election, Indians must select between two nationwide visions. “That’s the touchstone of success for this march,” she says.

Rahul Gandhi addresses his supporters in front of the Red Fort during the Bharat Jodo Yatra in New Delhi, India on Dec. 24, 2022. He is sharing the stage with Mallikarjun Kharge, the president of Indian National Congress, and film star Kamal Haasan. (Ronny Sen for TIME)

Rahul Gandhi addresses his supporters in entrance of the Purple Fort through the Bharat Jodo Yatra in New Delhi, India on Dec. 24, 2022. He’s sharing the stage with Mallikarjun Kharge, the president of Indian Nationwide Congress, and movie star Kamal Haasan.

Ronny Sen for TIME

However Vaishnav has a extra essential view. “On the finish of the day, trendy political events rise or fall based mostly on electoral success,” he contends. “Elevating social consciousness is effective, however there must be a car to translate this into political motion.”

Through the march in Delhi, an organizer supplied to take me contained in the ring to stroll with Gandhi for a couple of minutes—however not with out one other warning. “Simply so long as you’ll be able to sustain with the tempo,” he stated, “And after I say ‘Go,’ you duck.”

Feeling extra ready to stroll with the marchers this time round, I braced myself for the commotion. The gang was now thrice the dimensions it had been within the morning; the adrenaline rush was laborious to comprise. After about 10 minutes of strolling, the organizer grabbed my hand and pulled me underneath the rope. After which I used to be strolling alongside Gandhi, who politely shook my hand.

“Fairly a turnout!” I informed him. He smiled and nodded. “We’re working laborious,” he stated, and saved strolling.

—With reporting by Leslie Dickstein

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