The strains of vehicles have been so lengthy on the border with Kazakhstan that some individuals deserted their automobiles and proceeded on foot — simply as some Ukrainians did after Russia invaded their country on Feb. 24.
In the meantime, dozens of flights out of Russia — with tickets offered at sky-high costs — carried males to worldwide locations reminiscent of Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Serbia, the place Russians don’t want visas.
Amongst those that reached Turkey was a 41-year-old who landed in Istanbul with a suitcase and a backpack and plans to begin a brand new life in Israel.
“I’m towards this battle, and I’m not going to be part of it. I’m not going to be a assassin. I’m not going to kill individuals,” mentioned the person, who recognized himself solely as Yevgeny to keep away from potential retribution towards his household left behind in Russia.
He referred to Russian President Vladimir Putin as a “battle felony.”
Yevgeny determined to flee after Putin introduced a partial army call-up on Wednesday. The full variety of reservists concerned might be as excessive as 300,000.
Some Russian males additionally fled to neighboring Belarus, Russia’s shut ally. However that carried danger.
The Nasha Niva newspaper, one of many oldest impartial newspapers in Belarus, reported that Belarusian safety companies have been ordered to trace down Russians fleeing from the draft, discover them in motels and rented flats and report them to Russian authorities.
Russian authorities tried to calm an anxious public in regards to the draft.
Legislators launched a invoice Friday that might droop or cut back mortgage funds for Russians known as up for responsibility. Information retailers emphasised that draftees would have the identical standing as skilled troopers and be paid the identical, and that their civilian jobs can be held for them.
The Protection Ministry mentioned that many individuals who work in excessive tech, communications or finance might be exempt from the call-up “to make sure the operations’’ of these fields, the Tass information company reported.
The exodus unfolded as a Kremlin-orchestrated referendum received underway in search of to make occupied areas of Ukraine a part of Russia. Kyiv and the West condemned it as a rigged election whose outcome was preordained by Moscow.
German authorities officers voiced a need to assist Russian males deserting army service, they usually known as for a European resolution.
“Those that bravely stand as much as Putin’s regime and thereby put themselves in nice hazard can apply for asylum in Germany on the grounds of political persecution,” the spokesman for German Inside Minister Nancy Faeser mentioned.
The spokesman, Maximilian Kall, mentioned deserters and people refusing to be drafted would obtain refugee standing in Germany if they’re susceptible to critical repression, although each case is examined individually.
However they might first must make it to Germany, which has no land border with Russia, and like different European Union international locations has develop into far tougher for Russians to journey to.
The EU banned direct flights between its 27 member states and Russia after the assault on Ukraine, and lately agreed to restrict issuing Schengen visas, which permit free motion throughout a lot of Europe.
4 out of 5 EU international locations that border Russia — Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Poland — additionally lately determined to show away Russian vacationers.
Some European officers view fleeing Russians as potential safety dangers. They hope that by not opening their borders, it can enhance strain towards Putin at residence.
Latvian Overseas Minister Edgars Rinkevics mentioned Thursday that a lot of these fleeing “have been high quality with killing Ukrainians. They didn’t protest then. It isn’t proper to contemplate them as conscientious objectors.”
The one EU nation that’s nonetheless accepting Russians with Schengen visas is Finland, which has a 1,340-kilometer (830-mile) border with Russia.
Finland border guards mentioned Friday that the variety of individuals coming into from Russia has climbed sharply, with media reporting a 107% enhance in contrast with final week.
At Vaalimaa, one of many busiest crossings on the border, the road of ready vehicles stretched for half a kilometer (a 3rd of a mile), the Finnish Border Guard mentioned.
Finnish broadcaster MTV carried interviews with Russian males who had simply crossed into Finland on the Virolahti border crossing, together with with a person named Yuri from Moscow who mentioned that no “sane particular person” needs to go to battle.
A Russian man from St. Petersburg, Andrei Balakirov, mentioned he had been mentally ready to depart Russia for half a yr however put it off till the mobilization.
“I feel it’s a very unhealthy factor,” he mentioned.
Valery, a person from Samara who was heading to Spain, agreed, calling the mobilization “an ideal tragedy.”
“It’s laborious to explain what’s taking place. I really feel sorry for individuals who are pressured to struggle towards their will. I’ve heard tales that folks have been given these orders proper within the streets — scary.”
Related Press writers Frank Jordans in Berlin; Vanessa Gera in Warsaw, Poland; Jan M. Olsen in Copenhagen, Denmark; and Zeynep Bilginsoy in Istanbul contributed.